ESL Themes and Holidays Archives

The Easter Bunnies

Read the poem and act out the actions

The grass was green – The sky was blue

The birds did sing – Butterflies all flew.

The sun was sunny – The rain did not drop

Awake the Easter Bunnies – Named Hippity and Hop.

The Easter Bunnies? – Yes, it is true

You may think it is funny – There’s not just one, there are two!

Hippity was brown – With a big cotton tail

His bright blue eyes were round – And he lead the trail.

His legs were strong – So he could really go

And his ears were long – And moved to and fro.

Hop was so fluffy – His hair, solid white

His short ears were puffy – His pink nosed twitched left and right.

He would follow his brother – Down the trail they would go

Playing games with each other – Like jump high and jump low.

When Easter time would come – There would be no time to stop

Get ready for fun – Get ready Hippity and Hop!

Hippity would make – Great marshmallow treats

While Hop would bake – Candy eggs to eat.

And of course there was chocolate – Placed in the baskets, on top

“We’re getting ready still yet” – “Ready!” said Hippity and Hop.

Then on Easter Day – All the children so kind

Go searching away – For Easter treats to find.

And if you look really hard – The Easter Bunnies may stop

And wave to you from your yard – It’s Hippity and Hop!

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ESL Activities for Spring – ESL Lesson Plan
Spring Vocabulary and Reading

Spring ESL reading:

My favourite season is spring. I like spring because everything is new and fresh. I love to hear the birds singing, the new flowers blossoming, and the leaves on the trees budding.

Where I live, it rains a lot in the spring. I like to wear my rain boots and rain coat and splash in the puddles outside when it is raining.

We have a saying which goes, “April showers bring May flowers”. Mayflowers are pretty little flowers which smell very sweet. I like to pick mayflowers in the spring and give them to my grandmother, she loves them!

Spring ESL Vocabulary:

  • Spring – the season which is after winter and before summer
  • Mayflower – a small and pretty flower which grows in the spring
  • Daisy (daisies) – these are also small and well known flowers which represent spring
  • Blossom (blossoming) – when flowers begin to grow and the pretty leaves show, it is called blossoming. In other words, when flowers grow up fully and become pretty, they have blossomed. Perhaps you heard of cherry blossoms, or apple blossoms.
  • Bud – this is similar to blossom, but leaves (not flowers) bud. In the spring, the leaves on the trees start as little buds and become large green leaves.

Questions:

  • What is your favourite season? (why?)
  • What are other symbols of spring?
  • Does it rain in the spring where you come from?
  • Are there any springtime festivals in your home country / city?

The Present Tenses

Match the name of the tense with the definition and the example sentence. Two definitions are for one tense.

Name of Tense Definition Example Sentence
 

  • Present Perfect

 

  • Present Continuous

 

  • Present Simple
 

  • Actions happening at this moment
  • Actions that are true all the time
  • Actions that have just happened
  • Actions that happen often

 

 

  • I have finished the activity.

 

  • I love to walk in the rain.

 

  • I am writing to my grandmother.

Look at the following sentences and complete them with the correct verb form using the verb in brackets ( ).

Example: My sister usually ((call) every weekend.

My sister usually calls every weekend.

  • Jan can come to the phone now, he is (sleep).
  • Every day I (walk) to school.
  • It usually (rain) a lot in my country in spring.
  • My grandmother(love) spring flowers.

 Spring Vocabulary and Spelling

Unscramble the letters to make words from the text about spring.

mlssoob – aelves – nssoae – dpduels – gindudb

Homophones are words that are spelled differently but are pronounced the same. Match the homophones below, be careful! Some are not homophones!

Where

Hear

Sweet

Live

New

Which

Spring

Flower

boot

Flour

Leave

Sweat

Witch

Boat

Sing

Here

Wear

knew

 

Speaking Practice

Spring – Summer – Autumn – Winter

What is the weather like in the seasons above? Talk about seasons with your partner. Discuss:

  • The weather
  • Is it cold, hot or warm?
  • Describe what trees and plants
  • What colours do you connect with these seasons

Writing Practice

Write about your favourite season. Describe:

  • The weather
  • The plants and trees at this time
  • Why you like it
  • What you like to do at this time of year.

Research

Some countries have four seasons, but some countries have three or two. Research using the internet to find countries that have three or two seasons. Research countries that have seasons but with different names eg. ‘rainy season’.

ESL Activities for April Fool’s Day – April Fool’s Day ESL Lesson

April Fool’s Day

Pre-Reading Task

Discuss these questions in groups

  • Have you heard of April Fool’s Day?
  • What is a fool?
  • What do you think the day is about?

Pre-Reading Vocabulary

Match each word or phrase to the correct definition. There is a choice of two for each word.

 

Hoax

 

  • An idea or activity tintended to deceive

 

  • An idea or activity intended to entertain
 

Non-official

 

  • No celebrated

 

  • Not recognized by an authority
 

Practical joke

 

  • A physical joke

 

  • A joke played on a person to laugh at them
Misunderstand
  • Confuse

 

  • Mistake
Edict

 

  • A law

 

  • A piece of text
Mass media

 

  • Media like newspapers and TV that reach many people

 

  • Media like newspapers and TV that are big corporations
Unsuspecting
  • Someone doesn’t realize what is happening

 

  • Someone doesn’t care what is happening

April Fools’ Day, celebrated every 1 st of April is a non-official but widely popular holiday celebrated in many countries where people can play friendly practical jokes on one another or set up elaborate tricks and hoaxes. April Fools’ Day is widely celebrated in Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom and most of Europe.

The first recorded mention of April Fools’ Day can be found in the 1392 classic The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer when readers misunderstood his line ‘thirty-two days after March’ which meant may 2 and interpreted it as ‘March 32’ or April 1. The most popular origin of the holiday goes back to the middle ages when New Year’s Day was celebrated on April 1. The Edict of Roussillon changed the New Year’s Day celebration to January 1 but many still associated April 1 with the New Year. Those who complied with the edict considered those who celebrated on April as April fools.

The day is lightheartedly celebrated by everyone and victims of practical jokes would laugh when they realize the date. Practical jokes, tricks and hoaxes are done by individuals, groups and even mass media. Fake, outlandish but sometimes convincing stories would be newscast on TV and published by newspapers and websites to an unsuspecting public who are often amused when they realize the date.

Comprehension Check

Decide if the statements are true or false.

  • April Fool’s Day arose from a mistake in literature.
  • Is a holiday celebrated throughout the world.
  • The public always enjoy the fake news reports on this day.
  • April Fool’s Day was originally New Year’s Day.

Free Discussion

Tell your partner about a time when someone played a trick on you or you played a trick on someone else.

Phrasal Verbs

‘set up elaborate tricks and hoaxes’

Look at the phrase taken from the text above. It contains a phrasal verb, where is it?

Phrasal Verbs with ‘set’

Match the phrasal verb with the definition.

 

Set off

 

Set up

 

Set down

 

Set upon

 

To trap someone either in a joke or a crime

 

To start to attack

 

To identify rules or place something on a surface (common in the US)

 

To begin a journey

 

Fill in the gaps with the correct phrasal verb.

  • The gang _______ him in the alleyway
  • We _____ town before lunch.
  • Although Franco Varini was in prison for murder, he always claimed he had been ______.
  • I _____ the television on the table because it was so heavy.

Formal and Informal Language

What makes a text a formal or informal? Complete the table below.

Formal Informal
 

Use of the passive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regular use of phrasal verbs

Text Focus

Look at the text above, is it formal or informal? Use the table above to help you and underline examples of what makes the text formal or informal.

Look at the type of texts below and decide whether they should be written formally informally.

  • A letter to your parents
  • A letter of complaint to a shop or service
  • A cover letter for a job
  • An article for a student newspaper
  • An email to your friend

Writing: A Letter of Complaint

Write a letter of complaint to the principal of your school about an April Fool’s trick that caused damage in the school.

Research

Google Orson Welles and the War of the Worlds.

What is this?

How is it connected with this lesson?

What made it such a successful hoax?

Easter: A Popular Western Holiday

Pre-Reading Discussion

When something is ‘commercialized’ it is made popular by corporations and big business so that people will buy things associated with it. Discuss with people in your group other examples of things which became commercialized. Why, or how have they become commercialized? What are some examples of commercialization? (holidays – what was the original meaning why do you think it is now commercialized?

Examples :

Christmas has become very commercial in the United States. People no longer think about its real meaning, being the birth of Christ, the corporate world now dominates Christmas with their advertising and marketing ploys designed to get you and me to spend our money in their stores.

You try : Easter, Valentines Day, (a holiday in your country)

Learning Vocabulary from Context

Read the text below, if there are any words you don’t understand put a circle around them, circle no more than 3 words per paragraph.

Easter is a major holiday in the West. It is a combination of the sacred (religious) and the pagan. For Christians, the holiday represents the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Good Friday symbolizes the day that He died and the Sunday, the day that he rose from the dead. The Easter holiday can take place anytime between March 22 and April 25 th. Its date is not fixed. The pagan portion of the holiday includes what many people have come to most associate with Easter, the Easter bunny, Easter eggs and the ever famous Easter egg hunt which occurs in nearly every community in the United States (and other parts of the West). Below, we will take a look at the festive aspect of this popular, Western holiday.

The commercialism of Easter has reached record levels. For many people, the holiday is all about the candy, Easter egg hunts and the Easter bunny. Each of these has pagan, or non-religious origins and have nothing to do with the sacred meaning of the holiday mentioned earlier.

The term Easter, comes from the Saxon goddess Eastre. Eastre was the goddess of the spring, dawn and fertility. Every year, she halted winter and its dark, shortened days. In its place, she helped bring about light and longer days. When she performed her work, the plants would bloom and both human and animal offspring would increase in number. The animal that Eastre was most associated with was the rabbit. This association inspired the term, the Easter Bunny, the character that is most closely tied with the holiday.

Today, few people associate the Easter Bunny with the pagan goddess Eastre. Instead, most individuals, both adults and children, associate it with a fun, family holiday that includes Easter baskets filled with candy, Easter egg hunts for the children and perhaps Sunday church services.

Easter is one of the most anticipated holidays of the year, especially for young children who are the recipients of delicious chocolates, jelly beans and other assorted candies. Churches and local communities will often host an Easter egg hunt. These are always a lot of fun for everyone involved. Adults will hide Easter eggs for the children to find. These Easter eggs will either be hard boiled eggs that are decorated with colored dyes or plastic eggs filled with candy or trinkets (small toys). Each kid will search for the eggs and place them in their basket, which are taken home at the end of the hunt. Most kids also receive special Easter baskets from their parents. Their parents may make them themselves or purchase them from the store. They will most often contain candies and toys.

Compare the words you have circled with a neighbor and try to decide from context what they mean. Start by deciding what part of speech the word is (noun, verb, adjective, adverb etc.)

Reading Comprehension

Look at the table and make notes about the word or phrase on the left after reading the text.

Word or Phrase Your Notes
  • Pagan
  • Resurrection
  • Eastre
  • Bunny
  • Children

 

 

The Past Simple

Complete the table of irregular verbs.

Infinitive (Base Form) Past Simple Past Participle
EatSpeak

Sing

find

Cost

EatenSpoken

Sung

Found

Cost

Read the following statements and tick the ones you think are correct for the Past Simple.

  • Describes an event that happened a long time ago in the past
  • Describes an event that happened in the recent past
  • Describes an event that started in the past but hasn’t yet finished
  • If often used in stories

Text Revision

Below is the text about Easter you read. WITHOUT READING THE TEXT ABOVE AGAIN, rearrange the paragraphs so that they are in the correct order.

  • The commercialism of Easter has reached record levels. For many people, the holiday is all about the candy, Easter egg hunts and the Easter bunny. Each of these has pagan, or non-religious origins and have nothing to do with the sacred meaning of the holiday mentioned earlier.
  • Today, few people associate the Easter Bunny with the pagan goddess Eastre. Instead, most individuals, both adults and children, associate it with a fun, family holiday that includes Easter baskets filled with candy, Easter egg hunts for the children and perhaps Sunday church services.
  • The term Easter, comes from the Saxon goddess Eastre. Eastre was the goddess of the spring, dawn and fertility. Every year, she halted winter and its dark, shortened days. In its place, she helped bring about light and longer days. When she performed her work, the plants would bloom and both human and animal offspring would increase in number. The animal that Eastre was most associated with was the rabbit. This association inspired the term, the Easter Bunny, the character that is most closely tied with the holiday.
  • Easter is one of the most anticipated holidays of the year, especially for young children who are the recipients of delicious chocolates, jelly beans and other assorted candies. Churches and local communities will often host an Easter egg hunt. These are always a lot of fun for everyone involved. Adults will hide Easter eggs for the children to find. These Easter eggs will either be hard boiled eggs that are decorated with colored dyes or plastic eggs filled with candy or trinkets (small toys). Each kid will search for the eggs and place them in their basket, which are taken home at the end of the hunt. Most kids also receive special Easter baskets from their parents. Their parents may make them themselves or purchase them from the store. They will most often contain candies and toys.
  • Easter is a major holiday in the West. It is a combination of the sacred (religious) and the pagan. For Christians, the holiday represents the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Good Friday symbolizes the day that He died and the Sunday, the day that he rose from the dead. The Easter holiday can take place anytime between March 22 and April 25 th. Its date is not fixed. The pagan portion of the holiday includes what many people have come to most associate with Easter, the Easter bunny, Easter eggs and the ever famous Easter egg hunt which occurs in nearly every community in the United States (and other parts of the West). Below, we will take a look at the festive aspect of this popular, Western holiday.

Put the letter of each paragraph next to the number below.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Compare your answers with a partner.

Free Discussion Activity

Can you think of another tradition that has been affected by commercialism? Discuss it with people in your group.

Writing Activity

The Easter bunny is a common animal connected with Easter. Research another animal that is associated with a holiday or tradition and write about it.

ESL Activities for Easter – Easter ESL Lesson Easter Eggs
Celebrating Easter around the world

Easter Vocabulary

  • Religion

A religion refers to a set of beliefs and ideas which are normally used to explain the world. There is usually with a God or ‘creator’ who is worshiped.

  • Symbol

A symbol is something that is used to explain or represent an idea.

  • Fertility

Fertility has a few meanings, in the sense used below it means to be able to produce an offspring or new living thing.

  • Rebirth

This means to be born again. When you see “re” on a word it usually means that the second part is being repeated, or done again, as long as the second part is an actual word. (rebirth, retake, redo, review)

  • Resurrection

This means to rise from the dead, or come back to life.

  • Crucifixion

The act of killing someone by nailing them to a cross or wooden post. This is how Christians believe that Jesus died on Good Friday.

  • Procession

A large group of people who walk together in celebration or to remember someone

Easter Activities and Celebrations Around the World – Reading Comprehension Text

In countries where Christianity is openly practiced, Easter is an important celebration / holiday. Easter does not fall on the same date every year, but it always takes place in the early spring, or late winter between March 2 nd and April 25 th.

In Christianity, Easter is the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The religious Easter celebration starts on Good Friday, which is the day when Christ was crucified, and continues until Easter Sunday when he was resurrected.

There are many symbols associated with Easter such as eggs and young animals such as baby chicks and bunnies. These symbols represent rebirth and fertility which are the main ideas celebrated. A non-religious Easter symbol popular in North America is the Easter Bunny.

Different countries celebrate Easter in different ways, with their own different traditions. For example, in Greece they play a game where everyone takes a red, painted egg. The eggs are cracked against each other in turn and the person left with a whole egg is considered to have luck for the rest of the year. In Poland, eggs are eaten for breakfast on Easter morning or given to a loved one as a blessing. In Poland Easter Monday is known as ‘Wet Monday’. This is because of the practice of going to people’s homes and throwing water on the inhabitants. ‘Wet Monday’ was originally a day when boys would choose the girl they liked by throwing water on them, nowadays everyone risks getting soaked!

Processions are also common in some countries such as Spain and Italy. In Italy the churches are full for the whole Easter weekend as people go and pray and contemplate Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection.

The food eaten at Easter is important. In Greece and Italy, lamb is the traditional food however in Poland they eat sausages and various cakes including poppy seed cake, the seeds are a symbol of new life.

In North America Easter is celebrated both by going to church in observance of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, for those who are religious and choose to participate. It is also celebrated by most North Americans with the Easter Bunny bringing chocolates such as chocolate bunnies and chocolate eggs which are hidden around the house. When children wake up on Easter morning they go on an Easter egg hunt, finding all the chocolates that the Easter Bunny left for them.

In North America Good Friday and Easter Monday are statutory holidays.

Word Roots

Complete the table with the correct root of each word, where there is a line there is no equivalent word.

Noun Verb Adjective

fertility

Resurrection

crucifixion

symbol

 

 

——–

 

 

 

——-

 

 

 

 

 

celebrate

——-

 

Religious

 

——-

 

Reading Comprehension Checkup Questions

  • Why is it risky to open your door in Poland on Easter Monday?
  • What are the symbols of Easter and what do they represent?
  • How do people decide who is going to have good fortune throughout the year in Greece?

ESL Patterns – Present Simple Passive

Look at the following sentences taken from the text on Easter.

The eggs are cracked against each other in turn.

Eggs are eaten for breakfast on Easter morning or given to a loved one as a blessing.

The food that iseaten at Easter is important.

  • What form are verbs in bold in?
  • Verb is used in every example?

Look at the following sentences and tick the ones you think are correct definitions of the Present Simple Passive.

We use the Present Simple Passive when:

  • We do not know who is doing the action.
  • When we are describing an action in the past
  • When who is doing the actions is obvious
  • When who is doing the action is a large group
  • When we are not sure when the action happened
  • When the object is more important than the action

Find more examples of the Present Simple Passive from the text.

Web ESL Research

  • Use the internet to find other springtime festivals or celebrations in two other countries far away:

Small Group Discussion

  • Describe the springtime festival or celebration to the group and answer three questions about it from other group members

Writing Exercise

  • Write about one of the springtime festivals. Describe it using a proper format including proper sentences and paragraphs.

Easter Crafts for ESL Class – Easter Activities
Easter Egg Scrolls – Cultural Fun Time

Easter is fast approaching and when the Easter holiday arrives, we think of the Easter bunny or Easter eggs. Easter is a time for renewal as is suggested by the true concept of Easter which is the resurrection of Jesus Christ. What’s fun about the Easter holiday are the Easter mall shows and Easter egg hunts for kids and like other holidays, the opportunity to make Easter crafts.

The most common of Easter crafts is the making of Easter Eggs. Eggs, whether real or plastic are decorated with colorful patterns and/or stuck with various colorful cutout designs or other decorations. They are either displayed or used in Easter egg hunts where eggs are hidden everywhere as the Easter bunny is often depicted doing. Prizes are given for every egg found.

To celebrate the Easter holiday of renewal, here is a special variation of the Easter egg called Easter egg scrolls. The following is needed to make Easter egg scrolls:

  • Any number of chicken eggs
  • Small pieces of stationery paper
  • Colored pens
  • Paint, water color, crayons (make sure it is kid-safe, non-toxic)
  • Paper tape
  • Hairdryer – *Must be supervised by an Adult at all times)

First, carefully punch a hole on top of the eggs without breaking the whole shell. Next, drain the egg contents into a bowl to be used for cooking. Next, wash the inside of the eggs with water and drain. Leave the eggs to dry or use a hairdryer. Then, cut the stationery paper so that they can fit in the egg once rolled then write notes of well wishes on the paper in English using colored pens. Notes like “Happy Easter. Enjoy your new start in life” or simply “Have a happy Easter” will do. Roll the paper and put inside the egg. Cover the hole with paper tape and color the egg anyway desired using colored pens, paint, water color or crayons.

Easter Bunny Card

The Easter bunny is one of the major symbols of Easter along with Easter eggs and Easter chicks. Like Christmas’ Santa Clause, the Easter bunny brings Easter eggs and gifts to children on the eve of the Easter holiday. When Easter approaches, fun activities include participating in Easter egg hunts and making Easter crafts that feature either Easter eggs or the Easter bunny to give to someone special or as displays for the occasion.

For the Easter bunny, Easter is a time for giving Easter eggs and other presents. Kids will enjoy creating something fun and at the same time giving something worthwhile for the Easter holiday. Among the many Easter crafts available, the best and most expressive would be an Easter bunny card.

There are many ways to make an Easter bunny card. The card to be made here would be as fluffy as a real Easter bunny. The materials needed are:

  • Blank card stock or a rectangular piece of soft light-colored cardboard
  • Blue, red or black colored marker (make sure it is kid-safe, non-toxic)
  • Glue (make sure it is kid-safe, non-toxic)
  • Cotton balls
  • Pair of wiggly eyes
  • Some black yarn
  • Red cardboard

To make the Easter bunny card, first fold the card stock or cardboard in two to make a fold-out card. Then smear the front page with glue and spread the cotton balls on the page until it is fully covered with cotton. Cut out some long rabbit ear shapes with some spare cardboard. Stick the ‘ears’ a little beneath the first page. Cover the ears with some cotton as well. Stick the wiggly eyes on the front page. Cut a small red circle for the nose. Cut six two-inch pieces of black yarn for whiskers and stick them on either side of the nose. Cut out little hearts and egg shapes from the red cardboard and stick them with glue inside the card. Write a well-meaning Easter holiday message in English like ‘Happy Easter’.

The Easter Bunnies

Read the poem and act out the actions

The grass was green – The sky was blue

The birds did sing – Butterflies all flew.

The sun was sunny – The rain did not drop

Awake the Easter Bunnies – Named Hippity and Hop.

The Easter Bunnies? – Yes, it is true

You may think it is funny – There’s not just one, there are two!

Hippity was brown – With a big cotton tail

His bright blue eyes were round – And he lead the trail.

His legs were strong – So he could really go

And his ears were long – And moved to and fro.

Hop was so fluffy – His hair, solid white

His short ears were puffy – His pink nosed twitched left and right.

He would follow his brother – Down the trail they would go

Playing games with each other – Like jump high and jump low.

When Easter time would come – There would be no time to stop

Get ready for fun – Get ready Hippity and Hop!

Hippity would make – Great marshmallow treats

While Hop would bake – Candy eggs to eat.

And of course there was chocolate – Placed in the baskets, on top

“We’re getting ready still yet” – “Ready!” said Hippity and Hop.

Then on Easter Day – All the children so kind

Go searching away – For Easter treats to find.

And if you look really hard – The Easter Bunnies may stop

And wave to you from your yard – It’s Hippity and Hop!

Spring Poem

Discuss the 10 words in green with your class.

“The Season of Spring” businesswoman and billboard

the season of spring

weather seems to sing

lovely lovely days

are coming our ways

 

the season of spring

blooming blossoming

of nature of all kind

let roots unbind

 

the season of spring

birds unfold their wings

diving high into sky

wish one could fly

 

the season of spring

careful hearts love sting

reaching out towards others

some persons might bother

 

the season of spring

nice sound bells ring

new wave new style

faces have on a smile

 

the season of spring

an new awakening

busy humanity on earth

as if it’s a new birth

 

listen listen to my words

the season of spring is near

now a look into your lovely eyes

and one can see spring is already here

“Spring” Idioms

 Discuss the meaning of these idioms with your class.

1. No Spring Chicken Bouquet of tulips

2. Spring Into Action

3. Spring To Attention

4. Spring Up

5. Spring To Mind

6. Spring At Someone

7. Hope Springs Eternal

8. Spring Back To Life

9. To Spring For…

10. Spring To Someone’s Defense

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