ESL Vocabulary Builders Archives

Colours

Unscramble the following colours and then use the same colours to colour the picture.

1. ilevot    _________________________

2. elwoyl  _________________________

3. dre       _________________________

4. geern   _________________________

5. idniog  _________________________

6. uble     _________________________

7. gaeron _________________________

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Winter Wonderland Word Scramble (Advanced)

zabilzdr        _________________________

pmuteaerert   _________________________

nwaooidsrnbg  _________________________

gnbgnatioog    _________________________

cokhye kpcu    _________________________

taconoiesdr     _________________________

Efbrayur        _________________________

behrietan       _________________________

rdiattion        _________________________

ewrtah          _________________________

PDF File

Winter Vocabulary

Read the poem and discuss new vocabulary.

 

Jack Frost (by Gabriel Setoun)

 

The door was shut, as doors should be,

Before you went to bed last night;

Yet Jack Frost has got in, you see,

And left your window silver white.

 

He must have waited till you slept;

And not a single word he spoke,

But pencilled o’er the panes and crept

Away again before you woke.

 

And now you cannot see the hills

Nor fields that stretch beyond the lane;

But there are fairer things than these

His fingers traced on every pane.

 

Rocks and castles towering high;

Hills and dales, and streams and fields;

And knights in armor riding by,

With nodding plumes and shining shields.

 

And here are little boats, and there

Big ships with sails spread to the breeze;

And yonder, palm trees waving fair

On islands set in silver seas,

 

And butterflies with gauzy wings;

And herds of cows and flocks of sheep;

And fruit and flowers and all the things

You see when you are sound asleep.

 

For, creeping softly underneath

The door when all the lights are out,

Jack Frost takes every breath you breathe,

And knows the things you think about.

 

He paints them on the window-pane

In fairy lines with frozen steam;

And when you wake you see again

The lovely things you saw in dream.

link to PDF


Valentines ESL EnglishYou may not carrot all for me

The way I care for you.

You may turnip your nose

When I plead with you

But if your heart should beet with mine

Forever lettuce hope

There is no reason in the world 

Why we two cantaloupe.

Author Unknown

Look at the words in bold. Can you figure out which words have been replaced by the fruits and vegetables?

Try by yourself and then work with a friend!

 Happy Valentines Day!

Listen and watch the video below.

or click here for PDF Printable Version for handouts: PDF

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Find the following words and expressions in the text and work with a partner to figure out their meaning.

 

Adore

____________________________________________________________

 

“Sweetie Pie”

____________________________________________________________

 

Honey

____________________________________________________________

 

“Apple of Your Eye”

____________________________________________________________

 

Soulmate

____________________________________________________________

 

Partner

____________________________________________________________

 

Catch

____________________________________________________________

 

Match

____________________________________________________________

 

Crush

____________________________________________________________

 

Date

____________________________________________________________

 

Video Credit: http://www.colloandspark.com

 

Winter Olympics Sports and Events:

Winter Olympic Medals

There are fifteen winter Olympic sports and within each sport there are various events. This is a vocabulary builder designed to help you  understand more about the wonderful winter Olympics.

 

 

 

 

  1. Alpine skiing:  This is the sport of downhill skiing; as opposed to cross country skiing (also called Nordic).  This sport consists of the following alpine skiing events: slalom, giant slalom, super giant slalom and the downhill. You Alpine skiingcan learn more about alpine skiing in this lesson (alpine skiing at the Olympics)
  2. Biathlon:  In the Olympics, the Biathlon is the sport which combines rifle shooting and cross country skiing.

    biathlon

    biathlon

  3. Bobsleigh: This is a sport in which teams of two or four people ride very fast down an ice track in the sled. The ice track goes down the side of a mountain, and it is full of twists and turns.
  4. Cross country skiing:  This sport is a Nordic style of skiing (boots are not fixed to the skis, only the toe portion is) which involves long distance, kind of like long distance running, but on Nordic skis.
  5. Curling: This is played by sliding large stones across the ice surface toward the circle on the other end. Each team wants to get the stones closest to the center of the circle, and knock the other team’s stones away from the center.

    curling

    curling

  6. Figure skating: Involves performing skilled skating routines on ice. There are four main events in the Olympics which are, men’s single, ladies single, pairs and ice dancing.

    figure skater

    figure skater

  7. Freestyle skiing: This exciting sport originally included skiing moguls, aerials and ballet skiing.  It now includes several events, and no longer includes ballet skiing. The events in the 2014 Olympics in Sochi will include, moguls, aerials, ski cross, boarder cross, ski half pipe and snowboard half pipe and slope style.

    Freestyle Aerials - upside down twist

    Freestyle Aerials

  8. Ice hockey: This is a sport played on ice. It involves two teams who use a hockey stick to shoot a puck into the net of the other team. 
  9. Luge: This is similar in concept to the bobsleigh, in that it is a small sled which slides down an ice track with twists and turns. These can be one or two person sleds. This is known as the fastest and most dangerous of the sliding sports in the Olympics. 
  10. Nordic combined: This sport combines cross country and ski jumping. 
  11. Short track speed skating: This is a team sport of 4 or 6 skaters which skate on a short oval ice track. 
  12. Skeleton: this is similar to the luge sled, but it is for one person. The athlete slides down on his stomach, and head first, unlike the other sliding sports in which they go feet first. 
  13. Ski jumping: This is where skiers, on Nordic type skis, slide down a large, and log ramp and jump into the air. 

    ski jumping

    ski jumping

  14. Snowboard: This sport involves riding down a hill on a snowboard. It is much like alpine skiing, but instead of skis, on a snowboard. There are freestyle events, snowboard cross, big mountain and downhill events as well. 
  15. Speed skating: This is long distance skating, much like marathon on ice. There are various events, but in general they are much longer tracks (400 meter track) and long distance events. 

    speed skating

    speed skating

Review Questions:

  1. What are the three sliding events?
  2. What sports are comparable to long distance running?
  3. What is the fastest skiing event?
  4. What is the most dangerous sliding event?

Internet Research questions:

  1. In what city / country are the 2014 Winter Olympics?
  2. Who won the men’s freestyle moguls event in the 2010 Winter Olympics?
  3. Who is “Eddie the Eagle” and what is his sport?

Discussion Questions:

  1. What is your favourite winter Olympic event (and if course, why)?
  2. Do the Winter Olympics help to promote world peace / relations?
  3. What benefits do the Olympics games provide to athletes?
  4. Do you think professionals should participate in the Olympic Games?

Alpine Skiing at the Olympics – Winter Olympics vocabulary

Alpine Skiing, also called downhill skiing, consists of four main events in the Winter Olympics.  These events are slalom, giant slalom, super giant slalom and the downhill.

Slalom:  The slalom event is where the skier skis around poles from side to side in a short downhill in zigzagging manner. The object of the event, as is with the others too, is to complete the course with a faster time than the other competitors.

Here is a video of a slalom event:

Giant Slalom: This is also known as the “GS”. The GS involves the same zigzagging skiing around poles, but on a slightly longer course, with the poles more spaced apart, and thus a GS skier will reach faster speeds than a slalom.

Super Giant Slalom: The Super Giant Slalom, is also known as the “Super G”, which is even faster, with an even longer course than the GS. Again, the poles are more spaced out and this event is faster yet than the GS.

Downhill: The Downhill is the fastest of the alpine skiing events, and the skier must simply complete the course in the fastest time possible. The downhill racer doesn’t ski around gates, but the skier must atay within the boundaries of the course, which is marked by poles (called gates).

Slalom again:

 

Thanksgiving is a wonderful Fall holiday celebrated in North America (Canada and the USA).  However, although very similar in how it is celebrated, it is celebrated on different days in Canada and the USA. We hope that this Thanksgiving ESL Lesson will help you to enjoy this holiday and learn at the same time.

This is a list of common vocabulary used for the Thanksgiving theme. ESL teachers and students can use this as a warm up or backdrop for further ESL lessons and activities about the Thanksgiving ESL theme, an enjoyable ESL themes to teach. Printable PDF of this Halloween ESL lesson

Thanksgiving is on different days in Canada and the USA. In Canada, thanksgiving is on the 2 nd Monday in October every year, while in the USA it is on the 4 th Thursday in November.

Thanksgiving VocabularyThanksgiving is the day reserved to give “Thanks” for what we have. Traditionally, the purpose was because when the pilgrims came to the “new world” to start their new lives, they depended on the earth for their food. They planted vegetables and raised crops and animals for food such as turkeys, chickens, cows, etc.

In order to pay respect to the ‘creator’, “God”, they celebrated thanksgiving for the good harvest. This type of holiday is celebrated in many countries. In South Korea they have “chusok” which is a harvest festival and also happens in the early fall in Korea.

New world: this is how North America was described by those settlers from Europe, also known as the pioneers and pilgrims, because it was a new world compared to the very populated Europe.

Pilgrim: these were the first Europeans to come to the new world to settle and start new lives. The aboriginal people, or first nations people were already here of course and they and the pilgrims learned from each other and traded goods and services with each other.

Turkey Dinner: traditionally and today still, we all look forward to a turkey dinner at Thanksgiving. It is delicious and served with mashed potatoes, stuffing, cranberry sauce, sweet potato, gravy, vegetables and pumpkin pie for dessert. After we eat our turkey dinner we are always tired because we ate too much and because turkey makes people sleepy.

Fall /Autumn: this is the season in which Thanksgiving takes place. The leaves change colour and are very pretty in autumn.

Pumpkin Pie: this is a common dessert at thanksgiving. It is delicious and made from pumpkins.

Stuffing: this is a potato, bread, sage and other spice combination which is usually put in the turkey while it is cooking. It is really delicious and has lots of good flavour, it is one of the best parts of the dinner because we only have it on the special occasions when we have turkey.

Mashed Potatoes: potatoes which are boiled and smashed and mixed with a little milk, salt and butter are called mashed potatoes. To mash means to crush and mix.

Gravy: this is a fatty sauce which is often made after the turkey is cooked and some people like to put on potatoes and turkey. It isn’t very healthy, in spite of its good taste, luckily people only have it on occasion and in little portions.

Cranberry sauce: sweet sauce or jelly made from boiled cranberries. It is red in colour and put on turkey, potatoes and stuffing. Most turkey dinners have cranberry sauce served together.

Questions:

  • What/who are you thankful for?
  • Example: I am thankful for my parents, they work so hard and care for me and my brother so much. I am also thankful for all of the nice food we can eat everyday, I realize that not everyone is fortunate enough to have the same. I am thankful for my health and happiness. Etc..
  • What is a pilgrim?
  • What does it mean to settle? (note – to settle within the meaning of this lesson, i.e. what the pilgrims and pioneers did).
  • Do you eat turkey dinner in your country? When?
  • Do you have a holiday similar to thanksgiving? Tell me about it.
  • What special food do you eat on holidays?
  • What other holidays do North Americans eat turkey on?

Halloween Words / Halloween Vocabulary

Halloween Words – Vocabulary 

This is a list of common words used at Halloween. ESL teachers and students can use this as a warm up or backdrop for further ESL lessons and activities about the Halloween theme, one of the most enjoyable ESL themes to teach.

Halloween: Halloween day is every year on October 31 st. On Halloween day children go trick-or-treating(see below).

Jack O Lantern: This is the most significant / important Halloween symbol. This is a pumpkin which has been carved and cleaned. The most common way is to have a face on it, like in the picture. These days there are all kinds of different designs which people make.

Trick-or-treat / trick or treating: This is when children dress up in Halloween costumes and go to their neighbours houses and say – trick-or treat. Then the people will come from the house and give the children candy. Kids love trick-or-treating because they get lots of free candy (treats) every Halloween.

Goblin: This is a generic name for a weird, half monster creature. Sometimes they are short, sometimes like a human in size. They are always ugly and sometimes have some kind of black magic power. Just about any weird monster costume you make can be called a goblin, if it doesn’t have any other names.

Witch: Witches are Halloween symbols as well, they are scary old ladies with green faces, a mole on their nose and a loud and scary laugh. Ahhhhh, haaaaa, ha ha ha ha ha hhaaaaaa! They fly around at night on their broom stick and wear a black cape and pointy black hat.

Spell: witches cast (make) spells, which are black or bad magic formulas they use to harm people. For example, a witch can cast a spell to turn a handsome prince into a frog until a beautiful princess frees him.

Magic Potion: this is what someone makes in order to drink it to give them magic powers. A witch or a magic wizard will make a potion for good or bad reasons. For example they can make a potion to make them strong or invisible or to sleep for a hundred years.

Haunted house: a haunted house is an old and dark house, usually on top of a hill and it is full of ghosts.

Halloween costume: this is what children wear when they go trick or treating. Many common, or traditional costumes include vampires, witches, ghosts, werewolves, zombies. However, it is also common to see famous superheroes and celebrities as costumes such as batman, superman, etc. costumes can be store bought or home made.

  

Zombie: this is mythical a dead body which walks around at night looking for brains of humans to eat. They are stupid and scary creatures and they walk with their hands and arms out in front of them. In Michael Jackson’s Thriller music video, there were lots of zombies.

Black Cat: A black cat is a Halloween symbol. Usually we see black cats with witches. There is a saying that you don’t want to cross the path of a black cat because it will bring you bad luck.

How to write a cheque

How to write a cheque

What is a cheque: A cheque is form of “currency”, which is a different word for money. A cheque is a form of money that you can use to buy something very similar to cash.  In Canada the spelling used most commonly is ‘cheque’.  In the United States it is spelled ‘check’.  You can use either spelling in Canada without any problems.


Personal Cheques
:  When you open a chequing account at a bank, you will have an option to receive `personal cheques`.  Personal cheques are a book of cheques that you can use as currency for purchases and payments you wish to make.

A chequing account is the most common type of bank account that most people will have.  Chequing accounts are now called different things sometimes such as “day to day banking account’, ‘daily banking account’, or other similar names.  The reason is that it is becoming rarer to write personal cheques these days. Cheques are now replaced by debit cards for most daily purchasing in Canada and the United States.  When you make a purchase with a debit card, you will be asked to choose your account type and will be given an option between chequing and savings.

Sample cheque

A Sample cheque from Raccoon English.

Paycheque / Paycheck:  This is the pay you receive for doing your job at your workplace. Although it is rare to receive an actual cheque these days we still commonly use the word ‘paycheck’.  Usually, your paycheck is deposited directly into your bank account (most likely a chequing account).

Post dated cheque:  a post dated cheque is a cheque which is dated payable for a future date.  Usually when you enter into a lease to rent an apartment you will be asked to provide post dated cheques.  For example, if you rent an apartment, at the beginning, you will probably be asked to provide 12 ‘post dated cheques’ for the monthly rent, each dated for the first day of each month for the entire year.

Write a cheque / cash a cheque / cheque clearing: We use the expression, “write a cheque”, because that is exactly what we do, we write in the information including the date, people to pay to and the amount of money on a cheque.

When you write a cheque and use it to pay someone for something, you are actually giving that person permission to make a demand on your bank account to pay the amount you write in the cheque. This is called cashing a cheque.

When the payee (person you make the cheque payable to) cashes the cheque, your bank will take money in the amount you indicated on the cheque from your bank account and give it to the person. This is called the cheque clearing process. If you have enough money in your account the cheque will clear, if you don’t have the money, the cheque will “bounce.” This means it will be sent back to the payee from the bank with a message saying that there is not enough money in the account.

Cheque writing role play: You can set up role plays such as in a department store or an open air market, the options are endless. ESL students can barter or negotiate over the price in English and seal the deal with a cheque.

Extra lesson / vocabulary / discussion: What happens if a cheque bounces? Will you charge an NSF (Non-Sufficient Funds) fee? Did the cheque clear yet? Use your imagination and use our props to make it happen. Do you have to give post-dated checks for your rent, or other purchase?

Cheque Tips & Vocabulary:

  • Date: always be sure to date your cheque to ensure you, as the cheque writer, state when it is valid. What could happen if you don’t date the cheque?
  • Payee: You, as the cheque writer are the payor, and the person you give it to is the ‘payee’. This means that the payee can “cash” the cheque, or “deposit” the cheque into his or her bank account. What could happen if you leave the payee blank?
  • Pay to the Order of: a cheque is a type of demand currency note. In other words it upon the demand by the payee, the cheque is treated as money. However, the person or bank cashing the cheque does not have to accept it. There is risk involved to the person taking a cheque, it may “bounce”.
  • Bounce a cheque: for a cheque to bounce means that the bank returned it, after depositing or cashing it and said that the payor has not enough money in his or her account to pay the amount of the cheque.
  • Post dated cheque: this means you date the cheque for later, in the future. Often in Canada and the USA, when people pay rent for their apartment they have to give their landlord post-dated cheques for the rent payments.

Use the below sample cheques to learn how to write a cheque. 

Practice cheque

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